Why did the West invent and how did it apply the various ideologies of justification for its economic and cultural imperialism?
SOURCES SUGGESTED READING
As an introduction for this week, it is suggested that you read selectively:
All of Chapter 15 and All of Chapter 16 from the following:
A fine source is the following: A Comprehensive Outline of World History by Dr. Jack E. Maxfield.
To access it go to the link below and choose GET THIS BOOK.
From the source above and for this weeks topics read the following sections:
1.28 to 1.33, 2.28 to 2.33, 3.28 to 3.33, 3,28 to 3.33, 5.28 to 5.33, 6.28 to 6.33 and 7.28 to 7.33
Topic 1. Another World; the Americas, Asia, Africa.
To the surprise of the Church and the illiterate monarchs of Europe, and to the pleasure of the merchant class, there existed another world, to the West, to the East, and to the South of the grand Christian continent. Exploration brought exploitation. When the Europeans arrived, they came into contact with culturally rich civilizations, whose historical presence although well attested by todays investigative efforts, was not known at the time. They were thus conveniently categorized as heathen and uncivilized, or native a term that included all of the possible derogatory notions available to Church and Royal authority when describing races and peoples of different colour, of different customs, of different ethics and of course of a different religion. In North America people had lived for thousands of years in a symbiotic state of existence, respecting their environment, idolizing the forces of nature, venerating Mother Earth, and sustaining a culture that was entranced perhaps by communal choice- into the technological context of the Late Neolithic Era. They were to be slowly, steadily and methodically, annihilated by the Europeans. In Central and South America vast territorial empires stretched across mountain valleys incorporating regions of diverse cultural wealth. They were also to be slowly, steadily and methodically, annihilated by the Europeans. In the East, which Europeans divided into three sections, each based on its proximity to Europe, the Near East, the Middle East and the Far East, cultures and civilization of a higher standing than that of Western and Central Europe had for millennia existed. These included the heirs of the Byzantine Greeks The Ottomans and the Russians, and The Palestinians, the Syrians, the Persians, the Arabs and Mamelukes of Egypt, the peoples of the Indus Valley, the peoples of China and of course the Japanese. Europe was to gain from this contact immensely as the introduction of the sciences, medicine, technology and advanced mathematics, not to exclude higher philosophy were all derived from this multitude of cultures which the Europeans were not only to conquer, subdue and enslave but to slowly, steadily and methodically, attempt to annihilate.
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