To what extent are teachers (or parents or students) responsible for the failing education system?
Your researched argument should take one of the following forms:
An argument of factfor example: Guns do/do not save lives; the millennial generation is/is not less empathetic than previous generations; bullying is/is not on the rise; police do/do not unfairly profile (disproportionately stop African-American drivers, for instance). Cultural and textual analyses also argue facts in the sense that they argue for the interpretation of evidence: The Oscars lack diversity; recent Hollywood films stereotype a certain gender, race or ethnicity; women are under-represented in leadership and scientific (typically masculine) roles in recent films.
An argument of evaluationfor example: evaluation of the Affordable Healthcare Act; evaluation of Common Core; evaluation of a school or work policy.
An argument of cause/effectfor example: the causes of high school or college drop-out, or to what extent are teachers (or parents or students) responsible for the failing education system? To what extent is sexy advertising responsible for teen pregnancy? To what extent does the media contribute to our perspective of beauty? Do violent video games contribute to violence among teens (and/or adults)? What is the effect of technology on student grades? On literacy? On loneliness? On empathy?
A position argumentfor example, should guns be banned from the common citizen? Should people be prohibited from owning exotic animals? Should high-stakes testing be eliminated? The claim of a position essay may be phrased very much like a proposal argument (we should or should not do something), but a position essay wont include a detailed plan of action. Rather, it aims to convince the reader of the validity of the writers opinion and, in many cases, prompt further actionbut not the implementation of a detailed plan devised by the writer. This type of essay argues we should do something; the proposal argues exactly what we should do, and how.
A proposal argumentfor example, How can the public school system be improved? What can be done about the use of performance-enhancing drugs in sports? What is the best way to solve the health-care crisis in America? How can the welfare-system be modified to help those in need without creating/contributing to a cycle of poverty? What should be done with juveniles convicted of murder? How can the criminal justice system better rehabilitate people convicted of crimes? A proposal argument requires a very specific planyou must both convince the reader that a plan of action is needed (that a problem exists and that no existing proposals will solve the problem) and that your proposal, or plan of action, is both doable and practical.
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