managing bioterrorism



The final project for this course will be to complete a Bioterrorism annex plan that could be an addendum to an Emergency Preparedness Plan. You will be working on parts of this plan throughout the course. You will be developing a plan based on the community in which you live. This should enable you to create a robust plan about real public health emergencies, problems, and disasters that could affect you and your community. 

From this point forward, you should be working on this project step by step. Certain modules will ask you to develop a portion, or one step of the plan. Remember, as this course focuses on public health issues and bioterrorism, your course project must include some relevance to health. Please be sure to explain that relevance when you submit step 1. 


Some students in the past have had trouble with developing the project as a plan. If you feel uncomfortable with this approach, please indicate so when you submit step 1, and we can discuss an alternative at that time (i.e., essay format).

Step One – Select a Plan Type and Planning Team (list of who (by title and expertise) should be on the planning team): County City Town Village School District Hospital

Visit the NYS Emergency Management Office to view their  county emergency plan at  this site. This website allows you to download the “Emergency Plan” for a county emergency management plan for NYS. This plan takes you through a very clear, step by step process and you are welcome to use this format or another format of your choosing.  

Step Two – Complete a Preparedness Plan which includes the following:

Hazard Analysis:    This is one of the most important components of emergency planning. It involves looking at which hazards might threaten your community and identify their possible impacts. You should review historical data of past hazards and be familiar with current hazards in your community to determine probability of a potential hazard impacting your community.

Risk Reduction/ (Mitigation):    After the Hazard Analysis identified the most significant hazards in your community you should investigate whether or not any of the hazards can be eliminated or mitigated. This process is called risk reduction or mitigation. What risk reduction projects or activities are needed in your community to potentially save lives and money. Examples include reinforcement of a roof to reduce structural damage from high winds, preventing use of hazardous areas such as flood plains, or adjusting the use of such areas by elevating structures to reduce the chance of flooded houses.

Capability Assessment:

Next, include what available response capabilities and resources your community currently has available to reduce risk and to respond to an emergency. Are there any gaps and/or needs? Step Three – Complete a Response Plan
Response activities occur during and immediately following a disaster. They are designed to provide emergency assistance to victims of the event and reduce the likelihood of secondary damage. Police, fire and rescue services are the primary responders during the response phase. The Response Plan should incorporate all emergency responders and their functions and activities during an emergency. It should address how the public should be warned, etc.
Step Four – Complete a Recovery Plan
Recovery is the final phase of the emergency management cycle. Recovery continues until all systems return to normal, or near normal. Short-term recovery returns vital life support systems to minimum operating standards. Long-term recovery from a disaster may go on for years until the entire disaster area is completely redeveloped, either as it was in the past or for entirely new purposes that are less disaster-prone. Relocation of portions of a flood-prone town and turning the area into an open space or parkland is a recovery example. Recovery planning should include a review of ways to avoid future emergencies. A plan for who is responsible for coordinating what is important, particularly who will be on the damage assessment team.

Step Five – Predicting Impacts


Here you should indicate what the long and short term impacts would be on your community in the event of an emergency. Include in this section the impacts on the different populations in your community and take into account age and cultural differences.

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