How to use citations and references in your paper.Discuss.Human Insulin: I need this paper by early Thursday, 10/30/08. Instructor has been adamant in stating this is NOT a research paper! My friend also needs a paper on the same topic for the same date.
We will need different writers so that the papers are different. I do not have her order number yet, but her name is Stephanie Armstrong. The instructions for the paper are as follows:
Microbiology Review Papers
What is a review paper? A review paper is a critical synthesis of research on a particular topic, a synthesis of findings rather than of ideas. Review papers help students learn about subjects that are unfamiliar to them, how to use the electronic data resources available through the Virtual Library and how to write a scientific review paper.
What is my research review supposed to focus on? Your research review should focus on primary sources, original reports on individual studies published in research journals or government reports. Rely on secondhand information as little as possible, citing these sources rarely and only use for background information about topic. Your paper must include at least 5 references from refereed scientific publications (primary sources).
How do I take notes? Use 4 x 6 cards with a single topic, issue, or cluster. Place the topic on the left top and the author’s name on right with year, reference number, pages, or vice versa. Use reference note cards for each source with full reference information and number these. Some writers use folders with papers or articles on the same subheading or single topic, highlighting important points with markers or underlining, and summarizing important points on paper. Others use the computer to summarize and jot notes, putting each subhead into a separate folder. Always put reference, author (date), and pages. To avoid plagiarizing, you need to reference 99.9% of material. Scientific reviews use very few of your own ideas. Most of the information is not common knowledge. If fellow students do not know it, then itÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s not common knowledge!
How do I present the material?
Outline or Table of Contents
Body of paper
Before you start writing, you need a tentative plan. Develop a general outline for your paper. Some students prefer to begin with a fixed outline before actually writing a rough draft, and others prefer to develop the outline after writing the rough draft. A Table of Contents can also serve as an outline for your paper. Your finished paper must have either a Table of Contents or an Outline.
Draft the paper. Take your general outline and under each topic, jot down points or issues you want to cover. Organize the subtopics. Organize your note cards or notes by category in your outline or by subtopics. Thoroughly document your paper. Whenever you refer to another authorÃƒÂ¢Ã¢â€šÂ¬Ã¢â€žÂ¢s work, cite your sources using the name-year system or number system (see citing sources below). Direct quotations are rarely used in reviews. The first draft is a rough version. Write quickly and don’t edit as you compose. It may be easiest to compose on the word processor. SAVE, SAVE, SAVE! Make hard copies. Don’t just carry your paper around on a disk. Put it on a hard drive somewhere.
Begin each paragraph with a topic sentence. These can be useful for writing your conclusions and introductions that are usually written last. Make literature citations as you write.
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